Basketball Rules (1st-2nd Grade)
Games are played according to "High School Basketball Rules" published by the National Federation of State High School Associations with modifications and clarifications adopted by KIDSPORTS and explained in this document.
BALLS: Junior Size
FREE THROW LINE: 9'
Free throw lane: Rebounder positions are moved out one lane space to compensate for portable standards where needed.
TIMING REGULATIONS AND SUBSTITUTION RULES
The game is divided into eight periods. Each period is 5 minutes, running clock. The clock is stopped for timeouts. The clock is also stopped while players line up for free throw attempts and restarted when the ball is handed to the shooter.
Each team is allowed 3 timeouts.
Each team must furnish a lineup card to the KIDSPORTS referee prior to game time. LINEUP CARDS SHOULD BE FILLED OUT COMPLETELY AND REFLECT EACH PERIOD EACH PLAYER IS PROJECTED TO PLAY.
Teams with 10 or less players at the game: Each player who starts a period shall play that full period. Each eligible player who did not play the previous period shall play the next period. Each player on a team with 7 or more players at the game must sit out at least two periods. Each player on a team with 6 players at a game must sit out at least one period.
Teams with 11 or more players at the game: Each player who starts a period shall play that full period. Five players who did not play the previous period will play the next period. Each eligible player must play at least 3 full periods.
(Note: These rules are not intended to force a team to play with less than 5 players when there are 5 or more players available who are not fouled out, sick, or injured.)
EXCEPTIONS TO SUBSTITUTION RULES: When illness, injury, or disqualification due to fouls prevents a player from fulfilling substitution requirements, he/she may be substituted for. If an ill or injured player can return to the game, the player must re-enter at the start of a new period and play the required time as if not having played in the partial period. A substitute for such a player must finish the period for the replaced player and comply with the substitution rule during other periods.
Penalty for Illegal Substitution: Correct the substitution.
No score is kept. Team scorebooks are for coaching purposes only.
Coaches are allowed to stand to communicate with players.
Undershirts must be similar in color to the uniform shirt or white.
Players must wear unaltered uniforms as issued.
Absolutely no jewelry or hard hair accessories are allowed.
BACK-COURT GUARDING RESTRICTIONS
No back-court guarding is allowed on any pass being inbounded from back-court into the back-court area or any time a team has gained definite possession in back-court. Once definite possession is gained, defensive players may not hinder the offensive team in any way, even by accident. Even if possession is lost and the ball becomes loose, the defensive team cannot hinder the ball until it crosses mid-court.
A pass from back-court to front-court cannot be intercepted until the ball crosses the mid-court line.
When the ball is being dribbled from back-court into front-court, the dribbler may not be guarded within 6 feet of the mid-court line until both feet of the player in possession and the ball are in front-court.
Occasional inadvertent violations of the back-court guarding rule shall be whistled and warned, allowing the possessing team to inbound from back-court.
Timeout in Back-Court --- last 60 seconds: When 60 seconds or less remain in the game and the ball is possessed in or is about to be inbounded from back- court and either team calls a timeout, the ball will be inbounded from the sideline in front-court at a point midway between the baseline and mid-court.
HELP SIDE DEFENSIVE RULES
Once the ball is advanced into front-court, only one-on-one defensive positions may be established until a team establishes possession (moves the ball to) below the top of the key (circle) extended. Once this is established, if the player guarding the ball is beat and his/her opponent is going to the basket unguarded, one help defender – closest to the ball/or weak side defender – can look to help out and stop the ball. The help side defender should not leave their assigned offensive player to double team the ball; only to help a teammate that has been beaten in a one on one situation. The goal is to try and teach the concept of help –side defense not double teaming or bunch ball as the offense looks to attack the basket.
Basic defensive moves such as switching, sliding through, and helping off on the weak side are permissible; double teaming is not.
Defensive players should be in help side/off ball defense positioning when offensive players are not in the scoring area.
When violations of double teaming occur, coaches should blow the whistle, stop the action, explain the rule, and then continue play from the point of action, or have the offensive team take the ball out of bounds to resume play.
Coaches will officiate 1st & 2nd grade games. An assistant coach or head coach should officiate the game. Please follow these objectives for an early, positive, youth sport basketball experience for all:
- Use a whistle and blow the whistle on all violations. This helps the children to stop in a way that is clear, consistent, timely, and safe.
- Talk with each other prior to the game to discuss rules and the administration of free throws and time outs.
- Hold yourselves accountable to the stated rules and be responsible to the spirit of development principles and concepts of 1st and 2nd grade basketball.
Think long term by coaching behavior, skill, habits, technique, and simple playing concepts that will be rewarded at the next level.